Surgical intervention is one of the fundamental methods of treating oncological diseases; the tumor, at the same time, is surgically removed. The development of a treatment plan and the operation is carried out by a group of specialist surgeons together with an oncologist, radiologist, pathologist and a doctor of radioisotope diagnostics.
In localized cancer, surgical intervention is the primary method of treatment. During the operation, in addition to the cancerous tumor, the surrounding tissues are also removed in order to prevent relapses of the disease. Surgical treatment is of an individual nature.
Modern technologies have made it possible to raise oncosurgery to a completely new level, giving the opportunity to combine two seemingly incompatible principles – the desire to maximize the removal of malignant formation while minimizing the traumatic nature of the procedure.
Surgical treatment of cancer patients is based on this approach and is widely used in the following areas:
oncology of the abdominal cavity (cancer of the colon, digestive system, liver, pancreas and biliary system);
oncology of the internal organs of the genitourinary system;
tumors of soft tissues, retroperitoneal space;
tumors of the head and neck;
During surgical treatment, our doctors strive to carry out organ-preserving operations as much as possible. Therefore, the resulting defect is eliminated with the help of plastic surgery: bone defects are replaced by titanium implants, and soft–tissue defects are replaced by various types of skin and muscle flaps taken from other parts of the body. Thus, the operation allows you to remove a cancerous tumor and achieve fairly good cosmetic results, as well as preserve vital functions such as: chewing, swallowing, speech, breathing. The operation is performed with the help of modern power equipment and implants.
Breast Cancer Surgery
Surgical intervention is the main way to fight breast cancer. Depending on the situation, surgical treatment can be performed in combination with external radiation therapy and / or chemotherapy. In some cases, an organ-preserving operation is performed, in which only a part of the breast is removed.
The lymph nodes of the axillary fossa are also examined for the presence of tumor cells. To do this, the signal lymph node is removed during the operation. If the results of ultrasound or puncture biopsy reveal tumor cells, the remaining lymph nodes of the axillary fossa will also be removed. This technique is known as sentinel biopsy and is used in all high-tech medical institutions.
Also, recently, laparoscopy has been preferred instead of traditional open surgery – it allows you to speed up the recovery process.
During the operation for breast cancer, it is possible to carry out reconstructive plastic measures. Such operations are performed by plastic surgeons specializing in the treatment of oncological diseases or by oncological surgeons whose specialty is plastic surgery.
Prostate Cancer Surgery
In recent years, a new surgical approach has been increasingly used in the treatment of prostate cancer, which has been called minimally invasive surgery (MIH). This became possible due to the development of laparoscopic surgery.
The newest form of laparoscopy, the so-called robotic surgery, quickly became popular both in America, Europe, and in the city of Tyumen. The main advantages of surgery using a robot are a reduced risk of bleeding, more accurate sutures, rapid recovery and a short postoperative period.
Recently, combined methods of treatment have been increasingly used for an increased risk of prostate cancer. Both surgical specialists and specialists in radiation diagnostics and radiation therapy take part in the development of a treatment plan and in the operation. Due to the rapid development of technologies in this area, radiotherapy has become more often used for the treatment of oncology and has even become the main method of treating localized and locally advanced prostate cancer.
Treatment of oncourological diseases such as kidney cancer and bladder cancer is carried out mainly by surgical operation.